Proposal's for Non-Traditional CommunicationThis is a featured page

Jeanette Rikli
Non-Traditional Religious Communication
Proposal
Non-traditional communication and religion seem like two worlds that would be at odds but surprisingly and they recently have merged together. According to Margaret A. Miller in “Religion on Campus” “[…] many campuses have come to seem increasingly chaotic and dangerous to a number of students and parents, places where men and women share dorm rooms and where drugs and alcohol are easily available.” This has led in an increasing number of religious organizations appearing on college campuses and with that new, more modern ways of communicating with students (Anonymous, Eisenbeis, Mehlhaff, Underwood). The processes of non-tradition, meaning other that of print media, word of mouth and television, that are currently most popular include: social networking sites and online churches (Zukowski,A, Mehlhaff,R., Lynch, Gordon, Jones,L, Hans Eisenbeis, Anonymous). Although there are no real debates an argument could be made that the future of religious communication is still up in the air. There is currently no data on campus chalking, blogging or listserve use for ministries. The above mentioned communication tactics could be a very interesting perspective that our group could add to the discussion on the future of religious communication.
In order to further the discussion we will need to be creative and outgoing in our research of the campus community. When conducting participant research I think documentation should be taken of campus chalking and also a random sampling of Kansas State University Students and their perception of the communication styles of religious organizations on campus should be taken. In addition campus protests and signage such as the anti-abortion billboards should be taken into consideration. More structured interviews should be done with local churches, especially those listed in the campus religious directory, students group with an emphasis in religion such as STUMO, Navigators and Cats for Christ. Expert opinions could be drawn from local church executives, Professors from Kansas State University journalism school particularly Tom Gould who teaches the course Web Communications and Society. In addition campus facilities could be an interesting source as they set the regulations on chalking and could lend some valuable insight on what is being displayed on campus. A few survey questions that could be asked of our class are: “What makes chalk message memorable? What percentage of listserve emails do you actually read?” We will be video recording our interviews, chalk on campus, and the internet usage in relation to religion and Kansas State University students.
My vision on how the final documentary on non-traditional communication in relation to religion on campus is one of originality. The overall feel should be entertaining and original. Not happy go lucky per say but interesting. How would this be done? I am not sure but I think key elements would be great graphics, interesting interviews and visually and emotionally impacting elements. A proposed sequence of events would be: an opener in chalk on campus set to some sort of meaningful, relevant and lyrical song. Then I would like to move into online sermons and preaching, this could then segue into student groups and their outreach tactics. A conclusion would be bringing to light the growth and expansion of non-traditional communication styles on the Kansas State University Campus.

Bibliography
MLA Citation Utilized
1. Anonymous,."'If the youth are online, the church must go there'."National Catholic Reporter 14Nov.2008:Research Library,ProQuest. Web. 2 Nov. 2009.
2. Hans Eisenbeis. "The Soul of Cyberspace: How New Technology Is Changing Our Spiritual Lives."Mother Jones 1Nov.1997:Research Library,ProQuest. Web. 2 Nov. 2009.
3. Jones,L.."My Facebook friends."The Christian Century 15Jul2008:Research Library,ProQuest. Web. 2 Nov. 2009.
4. Lynch, Gordon . Between Sacred and Profane : Researching Religion and Popular Culture. London ; New York : I.B. Tauris, 2007.
5. Margaret A Miller. "RELIGION ON CAMPUS."Change 38.2(2006):67. Research Library,ProQuest. Web. 2 Nov. 2009.
6. Mark Galli. "The world behind the movie."Christianity Today 5Feb.2001: Research Library,ProQuest. Web. 2 Nov. 2009.
7. Mehlhaff,R.."Churches using Internet for social networking."The Christian Century 12Aug.2008:Research Library,ProQuest. Web. 2 Nov. 2009.
8. Underwood , Doug. From Yahweh to Yahoo! the Religious Roots of the Secular Press. Champaign, Illinois: The University of Illinois Press, 2008.
9. Wuthnow, Robert. After the Baby Boomers : How Twenty- and Thirty-somethings Are Shaping the Future of American Religion. : Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2007.
10. Zukowski,A.."Digital Catechesis: New Thresholds Into the Future."Momentum 1Feb.2009:Research Library,ProQuest. Web. 2 Nov. 2009.

Proposal: Megan Schmeidler
Proposal: Megan Schmeidler

The main theme my group is researching is non-traditional forms of communication about Kansas State University students use when trying to find their inner-self. When doing research about this topic I found several studies done by people in researching the use of the internet and religion. The different sources all have to do with the interesting ways of using the internet to form religion, how it build and maintains the relationship the person has made with religion, and the modernality of using the internet. (Cortese 2009, Berger, Cheong, Halavais, Kwon 2009, Young, Campbell 2005, Martindale.) Other sources are used to explain religion on how it affects differently to different people. It shows the basic forms of communication outlets used by religion and basic definitions. It also shows how having religion affects students on campus. (Wolly 2005, Alexander, Hofius, Anderson 2005.)
I think in order to reach our goals our group must first establish specific times for us to be able to meet together during the week in order to maintain a good group relationship, above anything communication is the most important role here. One goal I would like to do is interview students face to face. A face to face interview can give great information on the insight of students. When doing face to face interviews we need to have several different personalities to get different views on their opinions of finding their inner-self. Ask them questions about the different forms of communication they use to fulfill their requirements to find their inner-self. We could set up a booth on campus one day and have people volunteer to give their information. Besides video recording I believe having a survey for students to fill out can also help in forming information. Questions would include personality types, sex, age and all the basics and then more in-depth like how they spend their time on the weekends and so on. Also we will probably include some already made videos that have the same information we are trying to establish, news interviews and so on.
My vision for this video is an internet based theme. I see it beginning like a person is just getting onto their computer and pulling up their internet browser. The website opens up with our theme appearing in the search bar. By clicking search it opens up to our other topics and interviews. There will be different icons for our questions, research, video-interviews and so on. Our information could be opened up in make shift “blogs” or other things of the sort. We also would like to incorporate video of information written with chalk on the sidewalk, portraying all the different messages we read every day on campus. Then when that information is done being said wash it away by pouring water on it. The overall style I in vision is a more modern way for people to get information, the internet. I would like to play music that associates with people communicating to keep that vibe going throughout the entire video.

Sources:
Campbell, Heidi. Religion and the Internet. Communication Research Trends. Volume 25 (2006) Number 1http://cscc.scu.edu
Martindale, Gayla. College Students and Religion. 5 Nov http://www.stateuniversity.com/blog/permalink/College-Students-and-Religion.html#ixzz0VlFOYmGI
Wolly, Brian. Religion on Campus. Generation Next. November 14, 2005. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/generation-next/demographic/religion2_11-13.html
Hofius, Sarah. A spiritually inclined student is a happier student. USA TODAY. October 26, 2006. http://www.usatoday.com/life/lifestyle/2004-10-26-spirituality-study_x.htm
Alexander W. Spirituality in Higher Education: A National Study of College Students’ Search for Meaning and Purpose. http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/heri/spirituality.html
Anderson, Courtney. Religion on Campus. 2005 http://www.uri.edu/artsci/jor/involved.htm
Young, Glenn. Reading and Praying Online: The Continuation of Religion Online and Online Religion in Internet Christianity. Religion Online: Finding Faith on the Internet. Chapter 7.
Cheong, P., Halavais, A., & Kwon, K.. (2008). The Chronicles of Me: Understanding Blogging as a Religious Practice. Journal of Media and Religion, 7(3), 107. Retrieved November 2, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1576331341).
Peter L. Berger. Reflections on the Sociology of Religion Today. Sociology of Religion, Vol. 62, No. 4, Published by: Oxford University Press.

Cortese, J. , 2004-05-27 "New vs. Traditional Communication Channels: How We Relate to Each Other" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, New Orleans Sheraton, New Orleans, LA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112957_index.html


Cathleen Klausing
Research Proposal
Ways of communicating have taken on new forms in recent years, and new communication trends have had a major impact on the inner life of college students. The new communication forms that are of interest in the proposed study are those of text messaging, Facebook, and sidewalk chalking. Text messaging use has become quite widespread, with 273 million subscribers in the United States as of June 2007 (Mahatanankoon & O'Sullivan, 2008). It is estimated that in 2008 students were averaging 80 texts per day (Welsch, 2009). Although some worry that texting may be detrimental to learning (Welsh, 2009), positive outcomes do exist (Mahatanankoon & O'Sullivan, 2008; Riley, Obermayer, & Jean-Mary, 2008; Todd, 2007). Texting seems to have become a central part of young people’s lives, yet its effects on the inner life of students has been explored very little. Another commonly used avenue of communication for young adults is Facebook. In 2006, Facebook was used at over 2,000 U.S. colleges (Ellison, 2007). Research has shown that the site is often used to maintain pre-existing offline relationships with peers (Ellison, 2007; Pempek, Yermolayeva, & Calvert, 2009). Findings also indicate that Facebook use is associated with life satisfaction and social trust (Ellison, 2007; Valenzuela, Park, & Kee, 2009). In addition, others’ views of the profile holder may be determined by content posted by other users, such as wall postings. Yet again, most research has not investigated the meaning that Facebook has in the lives of college students. The final avenue of communication we are interested in addressing is the phenomenon of sidewalk chalking on college campuses. Sidewalk chalking is common at college campuses across the U.S. (MSU prohibits, 2009; Rogers, 2009; Rowlett, 2009; Stephenson, 2009). Students cite chalking as a “cheap and easy” way to advertise (Rowlett, 2009), and Rogers (2009) even advocates for authority figures to use chalking to relate to students and address their concerns. Sidewalk chalk is reaching out past individual college campuses to communities where sidewalk chalk competitions are held regularly (Ponnekanti, 2009). Remarkably, in 2009 a nationwide call via Facebook asked students on college and high school campuses across the U.S. to chalk positive messages, such as “You are loved,” on October 5th (1st annual, 2009). To my knowledge no academic research has yet addressed the chalking phenomenon. In the proposed study I would like to take advantage of this virtually unexplored vehicle of communication.
In the proposed study I suggest we investigate the use of text messaging in the inner life of college students at Kansas State University by having an investigator who has never used test messaging regularly get involved in the text sending whirl-wind. Though I do not know if others in my group are inexperienced with text messaging, I am, and I believe that getting a fresh view from someone assimilating into the group could provide valuable insight. In the proposed study, we would also conduct informal video interviews of those who text message to find out about who, where, why, and what K-Staters are texting. Interviewees may be those in the Anthropology 618 class, as well as, friends of these students. For our investigation into Facebook, we will give questionnaires to the individuals in our Anthropology 618 class, and then film staged interviews of our results. The questionnaire would consist of approximately 10 free response questions (i.e. In what ways do you use Facebook on a daily basis?). Finally, in the proposed study our exploration of the sidewalk chalking phenomenon on the Kansas State campus would consist of interviews with both viewers and creators of sidewalk chalk messages. These informal interviews may be conducted on the Kansas State campus outside of Hale library and other heavily-chalked areas. In addition to interviews, in some cases we will film only the process of chalking so that we may get a view of the untampered experience. We also will delve into the phenomenon ourselves, thus providing a better understanding of the phenomenon through our own experience.
The final documentary will picture threads and experiences common among the three communication forums addressed by the proposed study. In this way the documentary will interweave film clips of text messaging, Facebook, and sidewalk chalking to reveal the inner lives of Kansas State students. We will use text messages and sidewalk chalk stills as transitions in our documentary. I imagine the documentary will contain some dialogue, while music and movement will be essential. The documentary will not only be a report of the inner life of Kansas State students, but also an artistic experience. As the final segment of the documentary, I would like to use time elapse to show individuals chalking a gigantic picture of the earth outside of Hale library’s sunflower entrance. After watching the documentary I want viewers to feel like they have witnessed something intimate, artistic, and natural, while feeling like they are a part of it.





References
Ellison, N. (2007). The benefits of facebook "friends:" social capital and college students' use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4), 1143.
Mahatanankoon, P., & O'Sullivan, P. (2008). Attitude toward mobile text messaging: An expectancy-based perspective. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(4), 973-992.
MSU prohibits sidewalk chalk unnecessarily. (2009, April 7). The Reflector. Retrieved from http://media.www.reflector-online.com/media/storage/paper938/news/2009/04/07/Opinion/Msu-Prohibits.Sidewalk.Chalk.Unnecessarily-3699475.shtml
Pempek, T. A., Yermolayeva, Y. A., & Calvert, S. L. (2009). College students' social networking experiences on facebook. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30(3), 227-238.
Ponnekanti, R. (2009, May 19). Chalk it up at Tacoma’s frost park frost park: competition revitalizes a pocket of downtown Tacoma. The News Tribune. Retrieved from http://www.thenewstribune.com/165/story/746658.html
Riley, W., Obermayer, J., & Jean-Mary, J. (2008). Internet and mobile phone text messaging intervention for college smokers. Journal of American College Health, 57(2), 245-248.
Rogers, J. (2009, September 22). Chalk notes as a valid communication format. [Web]. Retrieved from http://rogersurbanek.wordpress.com/2009/09/22/chalk-notes-as-a-valid-communication-format/
Rowlett, K.M. (2009, October 29). Sidewalk chalk banned by university. The Daily Reveille. Retrieved from http://www.lsureveille.com/news/sidewalk-chalk-banned-by-university-1.2042307
Stephenson, H. D. (2009, September 28). Another UA student detained for using sidewalk chalk to protest. Arizona Daily Wildcat. Retrieved from http://wildcat.arizona.edu/news/another-ua-student-detained-for-using-sidewalk-chalk-to-protest-1.557481 Todd, R. (2007, November 29). Homework texts fuel student learning; EXAM REVISION. The Press (Christchurch, New Zealand), pp. 2. Valenzuela, S., Park, N., & Kee, K. F. (2009). Is there social capital in a social network site?: Facebook use and college students' life satisfaction, trust, and participation. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14(4), 875-901.
Walther, J., & Walther, J. (2008). The role of friends' appearance and behavior on evaluations of individuals on facebook: Are we known by the company we keep? Human Communication Research, 34(1), 28.
Welsh, P. (2009, June 23). Txting away ur education; texting threatens to eclipse the real reason students go to school: To learn. but will schools, or parents, finally act to curb this disruptive obsession? USA Today, pp. 11A.
1st annual nationwide you-are-loved chalk message project. (2009). Retrieved from http://dreamsuntitled.tumblr.com/post/181724773

Frank Weber Proposal
Religion has affected every aspect of our lives. From internet radio to newspaper advertisements, various religions can be seen. Even video games are becoming tools for recruiting new generations of faithful. Religions are keeping up with the times and establishing connections through new forms of communication. It seems that religions are constantly updating their status and finding away to connect with younger generations of people. It is also apparent how serious and taboo religion has become. Depictions of deities in newspapers have caused numerous riots and deaths. People can get very serious about their religion and while these nontraditional forms of communication may seem less formal they can be interpreted as deliberate and personal attacks. Much like the middle ages when religions would clash in battle this is now seen on the internet front. Both pro and anti religious hackers make it their duty to see the other side’s site torn down. The research I have found indicates that religion is very much a part of nontraditional communication. Nearly every conceivable religion is represented in some non tradition form. This makes it easier for the faithful to worship without a church.
The possibilities for our group’s field research could be endless. We could take students to see religious activities within the university. We can observe the sidewalk chalk messages about students and religion. If the chalk drawers would be willing we could interview them. A while back there was a person in front of the student union that preached about going to hell. I could research more about that person and why he would go to colleges. If there is another person like him that is going to be at the university we can interview him or, with his consent, video tape his performance. We could interview the people that hand out bibles on campus and even ask students that passed by why they did or did not take a bible. It might be too late, but it would be interesting to visit the hell houses we talked about in class. We could interview the counselors at the end of the event and interview students that have been through it. I want to experiment with the collegian’s forum. I constantly see short “love notes” in the forum and I am interested to see how k-states “anonymous” works. The forum is edited by the paper, but I could talk to editors and find out why they put in certain things. For my role I could capture our interviews on camera. I like to think I have an artistic eye so I could edit how we visually transition from one topic to the next.
For the final video we thought about speaking as little as possible. With stop animation and sidewalk chalk I know we can make some interesting visuals. We could show students reactions to religious campus activities. I hope to cause some students to have a realization moment. I would like for our video to cause the audience to rethink religions role in everyday life. I also hope to make people realize how diverse this university is and show how it affects the students.



Author: Underwood, Doug. Title: From Yahweh to Yahoo! : the religious roots of the secular press / Doug Underwood. Published: Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c2002. Description: xv, 346 p. ; 24 cm.
Margaret A Miller. (2006). RELIGION ON CAMPUS. Change, 38(2), 6-7. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1011269641).
Anonymous, . 'If the youth are online, the church must go there'. (2008, November). National Catholic Reporter, 45(2), 20A. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1598882391).
Jones, L.. (2008, July). My Facebook friends. The Christian Century, 125(14), 35. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1509904411).
Malloy, R.. (2008, December). God and the gamers. Review of medium_being_reviewed title_of_work_reviewed_in_italics. U.S. Catholic, 73(12), 15. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1602010881).
McCloud, S.. (2009, June). From angels to aliens: teenagers, the media, and the supernatural. Review of medium_being_reviewed title_of_work_reviewed_in_italics. Choice, 46(10), 1872. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1744263701).
Zaleski, Jeff. The Soul of Cyberspace: How New Technology Is Changing Our Spiritual Lives. San Francisco : Harper , 1997. 284. Print.
Wi-Fi TV Inc.; African American Media Production Company Launches Faith-Based Interactive Internet TV Station at Wi-FiTV. (2008, August). Internet Business Newsweekly,***[insert pages]***. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1523938161).
REUTERS, . "Al Qaeda Repeats Threat to Danes ." New York Times September.5 (2008): A6. Web. 2 Nov 2009. .
Ryan, Nick. "The gospel of the web." Guardian News March.23 (2000): n. pag. Web. 2 Nov 2009. .


Daniel Smith Proposal
In the quest to better understand the inner spiritual lives of college students, there are countless research methods that can be used. The ways in which young adults receive religious and spiritual insights are nearly limitless in modern American society, no longer just from attending church or reading the bible. Today, we are exposed to religion when we open e-mails, turn on the television, or walk to class. The purpose of our research will be to analyze some of the non-traditional ways in which religion is communicated among college students and its affect on their inner lives. With so many citizens connected to the Internet today, projecting our innermost thoughts, feelings and details of our lives has never been easier. However, technology is just one aspect of religious communication. We also plan to include the impact of religious student organizations, campus evangelists, sidewalk chalk messages, and any other relevant forms of communication.
There has already been a handful of literature published that could potentially offer insight to our topic of interest. Most works only cover individual aspects of our research in substantial detail, which gives our research a foundation to determine what, if any connections can be made between the existing research, or answer questions raised by it. The literature chosen consists of both books and scholarly articles, and could potentially include sources from the Internet. Some of the literature deals with religious communication through various forms of media and its effects on society. (Wilson Quarterly 2006, Badaracco 2005), Other works are concerned with religion on college campuses (Trent 2007, Setran 2007), and the rest with the spiritual life of college students (Lindholm 2006, Birtchnell 2003, Goodman 2009, UCLA 2005). While all of the literature reviewed thus far has paid great attention to detail, none of it has drawn the connections we are investigating. We hope our research will aid in drawing those connections and provide insight on the relationship between religious communication and the inner life of the American college student.
We will carry our research out in a variety of methods. We will survey students about the forms of religious communication that reach them, their participation in said communication, and how it affects their inner lives. Also, we will conduct in-depth interviews to get a better feel for how students’ inner lives play a role in deciding whether to initiate or respond to non-traditional forms of religious communication. Additionally, we will review and analyze existing research that has already been conducted to gain insights for our own research. Finally, we will directly observe some forms of communication and determine what impact they have on students reached by it. My role in this research could potentially include administering surveys, conducting interviews, or running statistics on survey results.
After the research has been completed, the findings will be presented in documentary format. The in-depth interviews will be filmed in optimal conditions, so they will have excellent audio and video suitable for the documentary. Also, the statistical findings will be graphically depicted. The documentary will begin by introducing our main theme of understanding the inner life of college students, followed by our quest to learn how religious communication in its numerous forms affects it. The content of the documentary will mainly consist of our own findings, but will reference other existing research to either show agreement or opposition. For its conclusion, the documentary will summarize the findings of our research, offer resolution to any questions answered, and speculation for those that have not been answered. The visual portion of the documentary will have pleasing CG titles, and smooth editing that transitions back and forth between interviews, statistics, and observations. Fitting music will be added to accentuate the atmosphere present in the footage.

Sources
Setran, David P. “The college "Y" : student religion in the era of secularization”. New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Trent, Mary Alice. “Religion, culture, curriculum, and diversity in 21st century America”. Lanham, Md. : University Press of America, c2007.
Description: iv, 203 p. ; 23 cm.
Badaracco, Claire H. “Quoting God : how media shape ideas about religion and culture”. Waco, Tex. : Baylor University Press, c2005.
Birtchnell, John. “The two of me : the rational outer me and the emotional inner me”. London ; New York : Routledge, 2003.
"Browsing faith." The Wilson Quarterly 30.2 (Spring 2006): 89(1).
Goodman, Kathleen M., and John A. Mueller. "Atheist Students on Campus: From Misconceptions to Inclusion." The Chronicle of Higher Education 55.21 (Jan 30, 2009): NA.
“The Spiritual Life of College Students: A National Study of College Students’ Search for Meaning and Purpose”. National Study conducted by UCLA. 2005.
Lindholm, J.A. (2006). The "Interior" Lives of American College Students: Preliminary Findings from a National Study. In J.L.Heft, Ed. Passing on the Faith: Transforming Traditions for the Next Generation of Jews, Christians, and Muslims (pp. 75-102). New York, NY: Fordham University Press.

Devin Weissenbach
Proposal

The sheer scope of research on the subject of various forms of religious communication is staggering; however when that scope is narrowed to focus on a non-traditional format involving college students what emerged was fairly clear. The Christian evangelist movement has seized upon, “cyberspace” as a key conversion tool and as a way to keep in contact with college students who may otherwise “fall away.” Another interesting theme that seemed to reappear less often then evangelism was the internet as a tool for college students to “democratize,” their religion. To extrapolate on that further their seems to be a trend towards allowing/accepting college students and their ability to debate and form digital “churches.” Sadly, nearly all of the themes that dominate much of the published research are heavily focused on the Christian tradition and there was relatively little on what college students who adhere to different beliefs used to communicate. Hopefully, our research will be able to shine some light onto various groups that may be underrepresented while maintaining the integrity of our topic. Also, though much of the research mentions college students by name, it is clear that the focus isn’t on the students themselves but on the students as part of a greater religious whole. The main goal I hope to accomplish with this research is to throw out that concept and simply allow the students to explain in their own words their own experiences with and uses of different forms of media.

My participation within the project will be focused on establishing and conducting informal recorded interviews. I plan on hosting or attending gatherings of diverse groupings of students and filming in an informal setting the conversations about our religious experiences. In order to maintain narrative flow and the integrity of the project these conversations will be focused on the role of communication in these experiences. The goal is to establish whether or not there is a direct correlation in between the use of non-traditional communication tools and religious thought within college students.

The final product should be composed of a base narrative that is interwoven into the
conversations and statements of a wide variety of students. Any naturally occurring events on campus that involve the goal of the project will, with luck, be filmed and edited into the presentation. Segues, key quotations, and other bits of information that can be contained into a concise one or two sentences will be drawn with sidewalk chalk using a stop motion technique. The feel of the final product should convey a sense of togetherness and a focus on the campus and its native inhabitants.

Works Consulted:
Books
1.) Dawson, Lorne, and Douglas Cowan. Religion Online: Finding Faith on the Internet. New York: Routledge, 2004. Print.
2.) McSherry, Lisa. The Virtual Pagan: Exploring Wicca and Paganism through the Internet . Boston: Red Wheel, 2002. Print.
3.) Schultze, Quentin, and Robert Woods . Understanding Evangelical Media: The Changing Face of Christian Communication. Downers Green, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2008. Print.
4.) Underwood , Doug. From Yahweh to Yahoo! : the Religious Roots of the Secular Press . Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2002. Print.
5.) Wuthnow, Robert. After the Baby Boomers : How twenty- and Thirty-Somethings are Shaping the Future of American Religion. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007. Print.
Journals
1.) Henri Gooren. (2007). Reassessing Conventional Approaches to Conversion: Toward a New Synthesis. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 46(3), 337. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library.
2.) Jones, L.. (2008, July). My Facebook friends. The Christian Century, 125(14), 35. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library.
3.) Malloy, R.. (2008, December). God and the gamers. Review of a medium. U.S. Catholic, 73(12), 15. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library.
4.) Mehlhaff, R.. (2008, August). Churches using Internet for social networking. The Christian Century, 125(16), 13-14. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library.
5.) Wi-Fi TV Inc.; African American Media Production Company Launches Faith-Based Interactive Internet TV Station at Wi-FiTV. (2008, August). Internet Business Newsweekly,***[insert pages]***. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library.


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