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Research for Report

Jeanette Rikli
Research for Non-Traditional Religious Communication
Compiled on October 26, 2009

K-State Libraries Catalog Search:

Author: Shermer, Michael. Title: Why people believe weird things : pseudoscience, superstition, and other confusions of our time / Michael Shermer ; foreword by Stephen Jay Gould. Published: New York : MJF Books, c1997. Description: xxvi, 306 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
Location: Hale Library Stacks Call number: Q157 .S48 1997 →Text me this call number Status: Not Checked Out If item is missing, at the bindery, or checked out, click to request Subjects: Science --Miscellanea. Belief and doubt. Parapsychology and science. Skepticism. Creative ability in science. ISBN: 1567313590
Title: Religious and secular reform in America : ideas, beliefs, and social change / edited by David K. Adams and Cornelis A. van Minnen. Published: New York : New York University Press, c1999. Description: xiv, 273 p. ; 25 cm. Online content: Book review (H-Net)
Location: Hale Library Stacks Call number: BR526 .R48 1999 →Text me this call number Status: Not Checked Out If item is missing, at the bindery, or checked out, click to request Subjects: Church and social problems --United States --History --Congresses. United States --Church history --Congresses. ISBN: 0814706851 (cloth) 081470686X (pbk.)
Title: Traditional religion & culture in a new era / Reimon Bachika, editor. Published: New Brunswick, NJ : Transaction Publishers, c2002. Description: xxxi, 229 p. ; 24 cm.
Location: Hale Library Stacks Call number: BL65.C8 T75 2002 →Text me this call number Status: Not Checked Out If item is missing, at the bindery, or checked out, click to request Subjects: Religion and culture. ISBN: 0765809079 (alk. paper)
Author: Wuthnow, Robert. Title: After the baby boomers : how twenty- and thirty-somethings are shaping the future of American religion / Robert Wuthnow. Published: Princeton : Princeton University Press, c2007. Description: xviii, 298 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm. Online content: Table of contents only Publisher description Contributor biographical information
Location: Hale Library Stacks Call number: BV4529.2 .W88 2007 Status: Not Checked Out If item is missing, at the bindery, or checked out, click to request Subjects: Young adults --Religious life --United States. United States --Religion.
Title: Between sacred and profane : researching religion and popular culture / edited by Gordon Lynch. Published: London ; New York : I.B. Tauris, c2007. Description: vi, 185 p. ; 22 cm.
Location: Hale Library Stacks Call number: BL60 .B424 2007 Status: Not Checked Out If item is missing, at the bindery, or checked out, click to request Subjects: Religion and sociology. Popular culture --Religious aspects. Religious communities. Identification (Religion) Rites and ceremonies. Mass media --Religious aspects. Internet --Religious aspects. Christianity and culture.
Author: Underwood, Doug. Title: From Yahweh to Yahoo! : the religious roots of the secular press / Doug Underwood. Published: Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c2002. Description: xv, 346 p. ; 24 cm. Online content: Table of contents
Location: Hale Library Stacks Call number: PN4888.R44 U53 2002 Status: Not Checked Out If item is missing, at the bindery, or checked out, click to request Series: History of communication. Subjects: Religion and the press --United States --History.

ProQuest Search:
Henri Gooren. (2007). Reassessing Conventional Approaches to Conversion: Toward a New Synthesis.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,46(3),337. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:1358215501).

What are the crucial factors that may cause people to become religiously active at a certain point of their lives? I give an overview of key analytic elements of the conventional approaches to conversion: Lofland and Stark's (1965) social networks model; (spoiled) identity and religious seekership; socialization; religious markets; recruitment; cultural factors; and convert role monitoring and mastering. Subsequent sections present a critique of the conventional approaches, with their biases and emphasis on the crisis factor; and a synthesis of their best elements in the conversion career approach (currently in development). The latter distinguishes five levels of religious participation: preaffiliation, affiliation, conversion, confession, and disaffiliation. These levels are, in turn, influenced by personality factors, social factors, institutional factors, cultural factors, and contingency factors. The conversion careers approach offers directions for future research by distinguishing five levels of religious participation, systematically listing the factors in religious participation, avoiding "crisis determinism," developing a conceptualization of the individual with active and passive elements, being gender sensitive, and including a life-cycle approach to avoid the "adolescent bias" of earlier literature. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]
James Poniewozik. (2006,January). THAT PRIME-TIME RELIGION.Time,167(2),57-58. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:962547061).

It's not the Second Coming," says [Jack Kenny, Daniel]. Other characters on Daniel can't see [Jesus]; no water is walked on. "I don't want it to feel like Daniel is talking to himself, but in a way he is. Jesus represents the best part of Daniel's faith." [Garret Dillahunt] plays him low-key, without thunderbolts or preaching, like a wry, mildly hip dorm adviser.
Margaret A Miller. (2006). RELIGION ON CAMPUS.Change,38(2),6-7. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:1011269641).

The appeal is not hard to understand: since secular higher education's relinquishment of the in locoparentis role in the late 1960s, many campuses have come to seem increasingly chaotic and dangerous to a number of students and parents, places where men and women share dorm rooms and where drugs and alcohol are easily available. In "Playing the Numbers," William Doyle (an assistant professor of higher education in the Department of Leadership, Policy, and Organizations at Peabody College of Vanderbilt University and formerly a senior policy analyst at the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education) will tell the story contained in an important data set, in this case the OECD information on tertiary education.
Mark Galli. (2001,February). The world behind the movie.Christianity Today,45(2),36-38. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:67455857).

William Romanowski, professor of communication arts and sciences at Calvin College, talks about what makes for a "Christian-friendly" film. He discusses Hollywood's treatment of religion in movies, and the increasing focus on "spirituality."
Anonymous,.'If the youth are online, the church must go there'.(2008,November). National Catholic Reporter,45(2),20A. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:1598882391).

Gonzales, who was ordained in 2001, serves as chaplain at the state-run University of the Philippines in Quezon City. How much time on the average do you spend on online ministry? I am online every day People can use Yahoo Messenger or they can leave me personal mail on any of the sites. The 11 a.m. Mass is when we all can gather together It is my idea to have a manual for campus ministry I will study and maybe do a thesis to compare what it means to be a campus minister at a Catholic institution compared to a secular university like UP.
Jones,L..(2008,July). My Facebook friends.The Christian Century,125(14),35. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:1509904411).

A popular book for business leaders instructs them to Never Eat Alone, as social networks are one of the key secrets of success in business. Young people love the high-tech world of multitasking and interactive media, but like the rest of us, they long for personal intimacy. Can churches be vehicles for both extending social networks and deepening friendships, for laity and clergy alike? I will continue to enjoy my Facebook friends; at the same time, I will treasure those friends and confidants who sustain and nurture me.
Malloy,R..(2008,December). God and the gamers.Review of medium_being_reviewed title_of_work_reviewed_in_italics. U.S. Catholic,73(12),15. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:1602010881).

Living in a college dorm these past five years, I see the centrality of video games for college kids who spend countless hours playing these games, as they have for most of their years on earth. The game's $310 million in sales on its first day wiped out the previous firstday sales record of an entertainment product, blowing the $220 million earned by the final Harry Potter book out of the water.
McCloud,S..(2009,June). From angels to aliens: teenagers, the media, and the supernatural.Review of medium_being_reviewed title_of_work_reviewed_in_italics. Choice,46(10),1872. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:1744263701).

The field of religion and media studies examines the multiple connections between religious ideas, institutions, and practices; and mass communication forms like television, film, radio, and print media.
Mehlhaff,R..(2008,August). Churches using Internet for social networking.The Christian Century,125(16),13-14. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:1531279461).

Simultaneously, church leaders are realizing that the sites can be useful tools for youth ministry, college groups and other church groups, enabling members to reach each other reliably and swiftly. MyChurch users can send individual or group messages, announce prayer requests, share photos and audio files, comment on sermons and organize events and advertise them to others in their congregation.
Trinitapoli,J..(2009). After the Baby Boomers: How Twenty- and Thirty-Somethings Are Shaping the Future of American Religion.Review of medium_being_reviewed title_of_work_reviewed_in_italics. Social Forces,87(4),2214-2215. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:1847515381).

A majority of young adults are tinkerers, bricoleurs, dabblers, religious amateurs who draw from multiple traditions, bridging seemingly orthodox tenants of faith with relativistic concessions for civility's sake. [...] religious leaders who provide canned answers are irrelevant to this group, as are congregations with programming agendas that move from high school youth groups to couples Bible studies.
Wi-Fi TV Inc.; African American Media Production Company Launches Faith-Based Interactive Internet TV Station at Wi-FiTV.(2008,August). Internet Business Newsweekly,***[insert pages]***. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:1523938161).

Religion, Entertainment, TV and Radio, Technology, Internet, Social Media, Communications, Online, Consume, Advertise, Advertising, Asia, China, Computers, Entertainment, Internet, Internet Devices, Marketing, Pediatrics, Web Portals, World Wide Web, Wi-Fi TV Inc. This article was prepared by Internet Business Newsweekly editors from staff and other reports.
Zukowski,A..(2009,February). Digital Catechesis: New Thresholds Into the Future.Momentum,40(1),92-94. Retrieved October 26, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID:1667787061).

The Internet bears one striking resemblance to the Roman Catholic Church; it too is universal, found throughout the world, cutting across all national, linguistic and cultural boundaries, class distinctions and economic dimensions. [...] it is vitally important that the church harness the emerging media to proclaim the Gospel and to meet the need for catechesis, apologetics, evangelization and re-evangelization.

Cathleen Klausing

The Press (Christchurch, New Zealand)

November 29, 2007 Thursday

Homework texts fuel student learning;



LENGTH: 304 words
Maths revision is the new hot topic for teenage texters.
Linwood College students are embracing a programme of examination revision by text introduced by mathematics teacher Tom Davies.
Davies has been texting National Certificate of Educational Achievement exam revision questions and homework to his Year 11 students.
In the 14 weeks leading up to this year's exam, Davies sent two questions a week on maths problems. The questions could arrive at any time of the afternoon or evening, interrupting a student's train of thought to get them thinking about calculating percentages or the internal angles of triangles.
"The students felt it made them do more work than they would have done and made them think about maths when they were least expecting it," he said.
One question got 43 responses in one night as texts flew backwards and forwards between Davies and the students on how to solve a problem.
Davies said the extra time texting in the evenings was no big deal and was the same as spending an hour with a student after school.
Emailing homework answers had also proved to be a hit with students.
"If they think it's easier and prefer it, that's fine, as long as they produce the same results," he said.
Texting extends to his role as coach of the school soccer team. He texts players reminders about games, and students can return homework while away on sports trips.
"The parents thought it was a really great idea as well. They said anything that communicates with the students in their language is to be recommended," Davies said.
Principal Rob Burrough said the project was so successful the school was looking at ways of including other subjects next year.
Fun route to maths: Linwood College teacher Tom Davies uses text messages to spur his students' interest in maths. Photo: Peter Meecham


June 23, 2009 Tuesday

Txting away ur education;
Texting threatens to eclipse the real reason students go to school: to learn. But will schools, or parents, finally act to curb this disruptive obsession?

BYLINE: Patrick Welsh


LENGTH: 904 words
When students graduate from T.C. Williams High School in Alexandria, Va., on Thursday, school officials will do what they should have done back in September: Take possession of all the iPods and cellphones. As students go into the graduation ceremony, they will be searched and their electronic toys will be taken away. At a meeting of some 560 seniors a few weeks ago, the principal told them that they "could live without their cellphones for two hours."
He might have been a bit presumptuous. The iPods are bad enough. Every day, students -- between and often during class -- are plugged into their iPods, seemingly off in another world.
But it's cellphone text messaging that both parents and schools need to declare war on. Texting has become an obsession with teenagers around the country. According to the Nielsen Co., in the last quarter of 2008, teens were averaging at least 80 texts a day, a figure double what it was the year before.
T.C. Williams' handbook for parents boldly declares, "The operation of electronic devices including cellphones and iPods is not permitted in the school building. These items will be confiscated for a minimum of 24 hours on the first offense."
Reality, though, is something else. The rules are so inconsistently enforced that kids consider them more an inconvenience than a real threat. Even parents send text messages to their kids during class time.
And the problem is getting worse, as students become more adept at disguising their texting. One student admitted to often sending 10 texts during my class. Others admitted to sending and receiving more than 200 texts over the course of a day. Most kids are such pros that they can text while the phone is in their pocket, a purse or under the desk, while maintaining eye contact with the teacher.
For the most part, all this subterfuge might seem like innocent adolescent behavior, but evidence suggests that texting is undermining students' ability to focus and to learn -- and creating anxiety to boot.
Many students have come to feel that they cannot live without texting. Says senior Laura Killalea, with a hint of hyperbole: "Most of my friends would die if they had to go to school without their cellphones." Another student, Yasir Hussein, admits that when he doesn't have his phone he gets anxious. "I feel like I am in the dark, secluded, isolated." Cellphones have taken such control over teens that virtually all the students I talked to said they often feel as if their phones are vibrating when they don't even have them.
MIT professor Sherry Turkle told me that texting is "an always-on/always-on-you technology." She says cellphones cause not only "the anxiety of disconnection," but also "the anxiety of connection which comes from the expectation that you will respond immediately to a message you get."
Despite all the technological advances that were intended to increase communication and efficiency, adolescents as well as adults are living in what Maggie Jackson, author of Distracted: The Erosion of Attention and the Coming Dark Age, calls "an institutionalized culture of interruption, where our time and attention is being fragmented by a never-ending stream of phone calls, e-mails, instant messages, text messages and tweets."
For students, these "advancements" only add to the difficulties an already distracted generation has had maintaining focus to do serious school work. "Attention is at the heart of any in-depth intellectual activity. When your times of focus and reflection are always being punctured by a cellphone buzzing, it's hard to go deeply into thinking and problem solving. You cannot be creative," says Jackson. "Texting is undermining kids' opportunities to learn. ... They will shy away from challenging material."
One of the great ironies of the high-tech revolution is that devices meant to facilitate communication are actually helping to destroy it. For my students, rethinking what they wrote and hammering out second or third drafts is beyond all but a handful. In fact, texting has a language all its own, with its own abbreviations and terse messages, all of which hardly translates into good writing.
Math and science teachers at my school see the same, with kids wanting the quick answers instead of going through the struggle that will help them understand what is behind the mathematical or scientific principles involved.
Even so, there is hope.
"We have fallen into bad habits with all the new technology," Jackson says, "but we can push back on the distractions, control those habits. We need to look at it all with fresh eyes, tally up the cost that distraction is costing us and our children and make changes."
The summer break is upon us, but administrators and parents need to consider two changes before students return in the fall:
*Parents should disable the text messaging function of their kids' cellphones.
*Those students who curse teachers out and refuse to hand over their phones -- as has happened often at T.C. Williams -- will have to be punished. A crackdown the first day of school in September will set the get-tough tone for the rest of the year.
At the very least, administrators and parents can agree that the school day should be the one time when kids can do without their cellphones. Or maybe I'm just being presumptuous.
Patrick Welsh is an English teacher at T.C. Williams High School in Alexandria, Va., and a member of USA TODAY's board of contributors.

College students' social networking experiences on Facebook.

Abstract Millions of contemporary young adults use social networking sites. However, little is known about how much, why, and how they use these sites. In this study, 92 undergraduates completed a diary-like measure each day for a week, reporting daily time use and responding to an activities checklist to assess their use of the popular social networking site, Facebook. At the end of the week, they also completed a follow-up survey. Results indicated that students use Facebook approximately 30 min throughout the day as part of their daily routine. Students communicated on Facebook using a one-to-many style, in which they were the creators disseminating content to their friends. Even so, they spent more time observing content on Facebook than actually posting content. Facebook was used most often for social interaction, primarily with friends with whom the students had a pre-established relationship offline. In addition to classic identity markers of emerging adulthood, such as religion, political ideology, and work, young adults also used media preferences to express their identity. Implications of social networking site use for the development of identity and peer relationships are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)

Chalk it up at Tacoma's Frost Park
frost park: Competition revitalizes a pocket of downtown Tacoma

PETER HALEY/The News Tribune
Dawn Fortner wishes Tacoma well. Dozens of people made their marks on sidewalks and walls when they joined the weekly Frost Park Chalk Challenge in downtown Tacoma,

First it was a bunch of friends eating lunch in a downtown park. Then it was a challenge to see who could chalk the best picture. More people joined in, passers-by voted online, sponsors gave prizes – and the Friday Frost Park Chalk Offs became a downtown Tacoma fixture through last summer and fall.
Now beginning their second season, the Chalk Offs are holding steady.
Every Friday from noon to 1 p.m. people gather – artists, workers, parents and the regulars at Larry Frost Memorial Park – to chalk the concrete, or watch others.
The sidewalk, steps and walls of this pocket park on South Ninth and Commerce streets jump into colored swirls, landscapes, cartoons – and for one hour the park itself becomes the kind of friendly, communal area a city so badly needs.
The whole idea started with Tacoma cartoonist R.R. Anderson, who was hanging out in the park with friends during their lunch hour.
“One day I decided to bring some chalk, and challenged everyone to a drawing competition,” says Anderson.
Word spread.
Blogger Erik Bjornson set up a thread and online voting at, and local businesses started to sponsor weekly prizes such as a restaurant meal. Anyone could join in – free chalk was provided.
But why Frost Park? Sandwiched between the Commerce Street bus stops and the Pacific Avenue garages, the tiny terraced park – named in honor of a police officer killed on duty – is not exactly a feed-the-ducks, walk-the-dog kind of place.
And that’s exactly why Anderson and his friends chose it.
“The cops have an urban design SWAT team who, if an area has too much crime, come in and fence it off to keep people out,” says Anderson. “There’s a place near the library that looks like Guantanamo Bay. They were thinking of doing that at Frost: the homeless people were using the alcoves as a toilet, there were crack dealers. We liked the park, and we came here to be a presence. And it worked.”
According to Mark Fulghum, spokesman for the Tacoma Police Department, fencing off an area due to crime is “one of the options … people have,” although it’s not a policy. Rob McNair-Huff, community relations manager for the City of Tacoma, confirms that fencing Frost Park was indeed “under consideration at some point, but it was pulled back.”
On this particular Friday in May, the park is filled with around 30 people, about a third of whom are chalking.
There are artists who know what they’re doing, casual scrawlers having fun, kids doing Pollock-like scribbles.
Passers-by stop to check it out, pushing babies in strollers. A parking officer watches.
Among those watching is Patricia Menzies, a recently retired city worker. She’s a regular at the Chalk Offs and loves it.
“It’s wonderful,” she says. “This has become my tribe. It has turned the park around. The more we use them, the more they’ll become the parks we want.”
For a lot of those chalking, though, it’s just a good opportunity to be creative in a different way.
“Chalk’s a universal, childish thing,” says Holly Lucination, who’s drawing pink and purple floral arabesques while wearing a silk-and-lace ruffled skirt. Amazingly, it’s not full of chalk, though Lucination admits keeping clean is a difficult part of sidewalk chalking. “I’ve done this since the beginning; I’m inspired by the trompe l’oeil-style of oil painting on the ground. It’s not hurting anyone, it washes away. Everyone feels different when they see it, and see other people’s perspective.”
Down the hill, Larry Erhardt is creating a circular medallion filled with a pale-leafed tree and a black crow.
Around the edge is inscribed the Latin chant for the dead, the Dies Irae.
“I was listening to the Mozart ‘Requiem’ this morning,” says Erhard, explaining his inspiration. He competes in the Chalk Offs only occasionally because it’s hard to fit it in around his refinery shift work.
How does it feel to be putting so much effort into something that will be walked on in a few minutes, rained away in a few hours?
“This art isn’t permanent,” Erhardt says calmly. “But at least it’s out there, touchable, not behind glass like in a museum. And nothing’s permanent. I’m not, the sidewalk’s not. It doesn’t matter.”
The Frost Park Chalk Offs have evolved since that day Anderson pulled out a stick of chalk. Rules were established on Anderson’s Web site,
They include having a loose Tacoma theme in the art, not frightening small children, keeping it humorous and outlawing glitter.
There have also been technical discoveries in the medium used.
“We started out with thin sticks of white chalk, it was really lame,” says artist Andrea Trenbeath Lowen, one of Anderson’s original challengers and a regular chalker ever since. “Then we went to colored chalk, and thicker sticks. Then we discovered Prang, it’s like a pastel and the color really jumps out. And charcoal – it’s actually charcoal briquettes.”
Wearing business clothes on her way to work at the Museum of Glass, Trenbeath Lowen is sketching out a strip of movie film using said charcoal, which creates a thick dark line.
By 1 p.m., the contest is unofficially over. Chalk flows down Ninth Street like a waterfall. On the concrete walls defining the park there are an octopus, a cowboy and the art deco ferry MV Kalakala (moored on Tacoma’s Hylebos Waterway since 2004). Hands are red and blue, clothes are streaked, fingers grazed.
The crowd starts to dissipate. They’ll be voting on the photographed images online until midnight.
Anderson, the creator of the Kalakala, sums it up: “Downtown can be depressing – all the ‘bus people,’ the low-income places. So we try and be a positive element in that.”
The Daily Reveille Louisiana State University Sidewalk chalk banned by University By Kristen M'lissa Rowlett
Contributing Writer
Published:Thursday, October 29, 2009
Updated:Thursday, October 29, 2009
University students walk over colorful sidewalk advertisements throughout campus on any given day without noticing, but the University is paying attention.

Sidewalk chalking is considered vandalism at the University, said Sarah Latiolais, Union building services manager.

If the University can identify the people who wrote in chalk, they are notified and given a warning, Latiolais said.

If the chalking continues, the University will charge the individuals a $25 maintenance fee, which covers the labor for Facility Services to power wash the sidewalks, she said.

Joshua Duke, business management and construction management senior, chose to advertise his new Web site,, to University students on the sidewalks around campus.

He and a few friends wrote ads in chalk for the site on various high-traffic areas like in front of the Union and in the Quad, he said.

“You see something on the ground in front of you — it’s natural to look down at it. It was cheap and easy,” he said.

He received several e-mails the morning after from University officials stating chalking was not allowed anywhere on campus for any means, he said.

“We try to enforce the policy without being too overbearing,” Latiolais said. “In three years, we have only [charged] once.”

Chalking around campus is a larger problem at the beginning of semesters when there are turnovers in organizations, but campus organizations are educated about different forms of advertising, said Ashley Territo, Finance and Administrative Services coordinator.

Passing out flyers on campus without prior permission from the University is also against University policy because the flyers can cause litter, Territo said.

Flyers are nuisances on campus especially when met with rain or mowers, and taped flyers can cause damage to paint, said Paul Favaloro, Facility Services director.

Restrictions against chalking and flyers are not to prohibit students from advertising organizations, but to protect the aesthetics of the University, Latiolais said.

Students can advertise free of charge in the Union by requesting spots on multiple TVs inside the Union, and they can request table space in Free Speech Alley. Organizations are allowed to pass out flyers with requested table space, Latiolais said.

Students can also advertise through departments on designated bulletin boards with permission from the department, Favaloro said.

Business advertisers must make requests through the Office of Finance and Administrative Services and must be approved by the University, Territo said.

Ann Smith, communication studies senior, said she does not think chalking is a large problem on campus.

“It washes away with the rain,” she said. “If it is done tastefully, it could add to the beauty of campus.”

Lisa Palacio, communication studies senior, said she thinks the chalk adds to the University’s atmosphere.

“We just see it as decoration because we don’t really read it,” she said.
The Reflector Mississippi State University

MSU prohibits sidewalk chalk unnecessarily


Staff Reports Issue date: 4/7/09 Section: Opinion
Countless universities, including our own, have had small traditions of sidewalk chalking, a creative advertising strategy that can sometimes look very cool. However, a recent MSU announcement has deemed this illustrious practice inappropriate. We feel the announcement stretched things out of proportion, as there are many advantages to utilizing sidewalk chalk.
The announcement simply stated sidewalk chalking is "inappropriate" and implied the reason for this is that Facilities Management routinely has to clean up the chalk. While we appreciate all that Facilities Management does for the campus, the beauty of sidewalk chalk is that it is not at all permanent and usually disappears as soon as it rains.
Furthermore, the prohibition conveyed in the MSU announcement e-mail message against sidewalk chalking is nowhere to be found in the solicitation policy linked to in the very same e-mail message. If MSU is serious about banning sidewalk chalking, there should be a clear, written policy.
Perhaps there are concerns about inappropriate advertisements, such as advertisements with profanity or obscene language. In this case, we feel it would be better for the university to consult the groups responsible for any inappropriate advertisements and make those groups clean up the chalk instead of punishing small groups on campus that may really need the free and easy advertising.
There is also the fact that this university has tried to tout its environmental awareness. Using sidewalk chalk to make advertisements reduces the paper that would be used making reams of paper fliers. If anything, sidewalk chalking could be a further testament to MSU's attempt to be aware of the environment.
Speaking of paper fliers, we would like to take this moment to show our appreciation that the announcement warned against placing fliers underneath windshield wipers of vehicles. This is, indeed, a very annoying practice.
What does MSU stand to gain with tightening advertising restrictions on campus, especially concerning something as harmless as sidewalk chalk? Using chalk is a free way for students and student groups to express themselves and should be part of a university striving to involve students who leave the campus too many times on the weekend as it is.
State University of New York at Potsdam

Chalk notes as a valid communicationformat September 22, 2009

Posted by Jenica Rogers in I amuse myself, Libraries, Users.

Days like today provide one of the reasons I’ve always wanted to be a library director. I want to be part of the library’s outreach efforts, to direct them toward goals that make sense to me, and to have the chance to make meaningful connections with users. I didn’t expect that chance to come from sidewalk chalk, but I’ve been having fun, even so.
I came in Monday morning to see these messages all over our sidewalks. Every approach to Crumb Library had been tagged:

A very public complaint, and a very clear one. I don’t feel comfortable ignoring or responding privately to public complaints. So, later in the day, I replied:

While I was writing my replies, I was stopped by a few students. One said, “More chalk?” And I grinned, said, “The libraries’ response.” He was flabbergasted that we were replying to chalk notes. I said, “Hey, you want to talk to me in chalk, I’ll respond in chalk.”
Except I really responded with a poster.
So there it is. People have been complimenting me on the response all day. We’re working up a similar poster for the Crane Library to respond to concerns from the music school students. I was aiming for fast, transparent, and public, and I think I hit all three goals. I realize, as I type this, that I was also aiming for personable and approachable, and I hope I hit that one, too. I spent half an hour talking to people and soliciting opinions about approaches, and a few hours fiddling with a poster design… and maybe, just maybe, as a result of my decision to take those few hours last night to respond, the people who’re frustrated that we close at 6 on Fridays will understand why that is. And maybe we’ll get some suggestions about what they’d prefer we do.
Either way, it was fun. C’mon, who doesn’t like sidewalk chalk?
University of Arizona Another UA student detained for using sidewalk chalk to protest By Hank Dean Stephenson
Published:Monday, September 28, 2009
Updated:Monday, September 28, 2009

Rita Lichamer/ Arizona Daily Wildcat
Francis the Poet uses chalk to write a poem by the Speedway Boulevard underpass at 1 a.m. Friday. Francis the Poet writes poems by other authors as well as some originals to provoke thoughts in passersby.
12:16 p.m. — The UAPD cited another student this morning for using sidewalk chalk.
UAPD detained Evan Lisull, author of the blog and former Daily Wildcat columnist, for criminal damage at 6:45 a.m. Monday morning, according to police records.
Lisull said he was writing with chalk in support of Jacob Miller, the graduate student arrested for chalking during Thursday’s protest outside the Administration Building.
The words, written outside the Chavez and Harvill buildings, along with several other places on campus, read “Chalk is speech,” and “Freedom of expression,” Lisull said.
Sgt. Juan Alvarez, the UAPD spokesman, said Lisull was charged with one count of class one misdemeanor, carrying a maximum penalty of six months in jail and a $2,500 fine.
Lisull said he wrote campus sidewalks, and not on any buildings or structures, “to address the issue of Mr. Miller’s charges.”
“This is a very distinct civil liberties issue,” he said. “Regardless of how you think of the budget, you should be very concerned about this type of crackdown.

1st Annual Nationwide You-Are-Loved Chalk Message Project

Monday, October 5th
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Members of the gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and queer (GLBTQ) community are far too often the subject of hateful rhetoric. From slurs to jokes to anti-gay sermons spewed around the country - society often tries to tell us that GLBTQ individuals are evil or strange.

Despite the incredible strides being made with equality - GLBTQ individuals are still often made to feel isolated and alone. Anywhere from 25-50% of GLBTQ youth are initially rejected by their families. An estimated 60% of GLBTQ youth feel unsafe in American schools due to their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. GLBTQ youth are still four times more likely to attempt suicide than their heterosexual peers.

****It’s time to combat the influence of hateful rhetoric that seeks to isolate members of the GLBTQ community. It’s time to remind our community members that they are never alone.******

During the 2005-2006 academic year, students at Drew University began penning inspirational messages in sidewalk chalk that read, “You are loved,” “You are wonderful,” and “You are beautiful.”

These chalk messages quickly became a familiar quirk around Drew’s campus - popping up every Coming Out Week and Day of Silence to remind members of the GLBTQ community that they are loved - and that their love is appreciated.

In April of 2009, a member of Montclair State University’s Spectrums approached one of the original authors of the chalk messages. She asked her if the initiative could be made statewide.

****Why stop at statewide?****

This year, we are asking colleges and high schools everywhere to participate in the chalk message project.

All that is required is a simple piece of sidewalk chalk - and a couple of your own inspirational, positive quotes. Write these quotes all over the grounds of your campus - for everyone to see.

We also highly encourage schools participating to write an opinions piece to your school newspaper explaining the meaning behind the project. Let’s educate society on the need for loving dialogue rather than divisive hate speech.

I have no idea how to put pdf files on here. So the rest of my research does not appear.


Zaleski, Jeff. The Soul of Cyberspace: How New Technology Is Changing Our Spiritual Lives. San Francisco : Harper , 1997. 284. Print.
-effects of technology on beliefs

REUTERS, . "Al Qaeda Repeats Threat to Danes ." New York Times September.5 (2008): A6. Web. 2 Nov 2009. .
-how non traditional forms of communication are very serious

Ryan, Nick. "The gospel of the web." Guardian News March.23 (2000): n. pag. Web. 2 Nov 2009. .
-churches on the internet
-talks about how texting affects people

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